برآورد هزینه‌های محلی حفاظت: استفاده از رویکرد مدلسازی انتخاب در استخراج تمایل به پذیرش

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری محیط زیست-دانشگاه تهران

2 دانشیار گروه اقتصاد بین رشته‌ای، دانشکده اقتصاد دانشگاه تهران

3 دانشیار گروه محیط زیست، دانشکده منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران

4 عاستادیار گروه اقتصاد بین رشته‌ای، دانشکده اقتصاد دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

هدف از این مطالعه، برآورد هزین فرصت اقتصادی حفاظت از جنگل‌های مانگرو واقع در جزیرة قشم برای جوامع محلی است. مهم‌ترین کارکردهای استفاده‌ای جنگل‌های مانگرو در این منطقه، امکان گردشگری، فعالیت‌های شیلاتی و سرشاخه‌چینی محدود است.رویکرد مدلسازی انتخاب برای برآورد هزینة کاهش بهره‌برداری از جنگل‌ها توسط مردم محلی تحت سناریوهای فرضی حفاظت استفاده شده است که بابت کاستن از بهره‌برداری‌هایشان، مبلغی برای جبران خسارت یا درآمد از‌دست‌رفته‌ به آنها پرداخت می‌شود. داده‌ها و اطلاعات لازم از خانوارهای ساکن در روستاهای بلافصل جنگل‌های مانگرو به‌دست آمد و با کاربرد مدل لاجیت شرطی تحلیل شد. نتایج نشان داد که افراد برای پذیرش ریسک محیط‌ زیستی ناشی از حفاظت، تمایل به دریافت غرامت دارند و امکان گردشگری در جنگل‌های مانگرو بیشترین ارزش نهایی (235000 ریال در روز) را از دید مردم محلی داراست. همچنین نتایج حاکی از ناهمگنی در ترجیحات افراد است که به متغیرهای درآمد، سن، اندازة خانوار، شغل و سابقة مشارکت در طرح‌های محیط ‌زیستی نسبت داده می‌شود. 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Estimating the local cost of conservation: a choice modeling approach for eliciting willingness to accept compensation

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Mashayekhi 1
  • Gholam Ali Sharzehi 2
  • Afshin Danehkar 3
  • Vahid Majed 4
چکیده [English]

This study aims to quantify the economic opportunity cost of conservation to coastal communities adjacent to mangrove forests in the southern coasts of Iran (Qeshm Island). The main commercial use of the Hara forests in this area is restricted to fishing, tourist boating trips, and limited leaves cutting. We applied a choice modeling (CM) approach to measure the value of a reduction of access under hypothetical scenarios in which local users would receive monetary compensation for lessening or forgoing mangrove forest utilization. Data were collected from the rural households living in the villages adjacent to mangrove forests and then analyzed by using conditional logit model. The results showed that the existence of a willingness to accept compensation for increases in environmental risk is associated with conservation program.  Local communities are willing to accept a lower compensation when the aim of protection is to lessen the Hara cutting and fishing amount relative to recreational opportunities banning. The estimated mean WTA was 235000 IRR/hsld/day. The results also showed that there is a heterogeneity in the individual’s preferences, which attributed to factors including income, age, family size, job and experience of participation in the environmental projects.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • choice modeling
  • Willingness to accept
  • marginal value
  • Hara Forests
  • Direct Use Values
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