تعیین و اولویت‌بندی شاخص ‏های مؤثر در انتخاب بهینة محل استقرار واحدهای تولیدی تخته‌ردیفی در ایران با به‌کارگیری فرایند تحلیل سلسله‌مراتبی (AHP)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ‏ارشد فرآورده‌های چندسازة چوبی دانشکدۀ منابع طبیعی دانشگاه زابل، زابل، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه علوم و صنایع چوب و کاغذ دانشکدۀ منابع طبیعی دانشگاه زابل، زابل، ایران

3 مربی گروه علوم و صنایع چوب و کاغذ دانشکدۀ منابع طبیعی دانشگاه زابل، زابل، ایران

چکیده

تعیین شاخص‏های مؤثر به ‏منظور تصمیم‏گیری در زمینة مکان‏یابی واحدهای صنعتی با هدف استفادة بهینه از مواد اولیه و عوامل تولید و کاهش هزینه‏ها و ضایعات محصولات تولیدی اهمیت فراوان دارد. تعیین شاخص‏های مؤثر در انتخاب بهینة محل استقرار واحدهای تخته‏ردیفی در ایران، با استفاده از ضایعات پشت‌لا و سرشاخه‏ها و چوب‏آلات کم‌‌قطر، هدف این مطالعه بود. بدین منظور، پس از مطالعات اولیه و بررسی‏های میدانی و مصاحبه با صاحب‏نظران و کارشناسان، پنج شاخص اصلی مواد و محصول، نیازهای زیرساختی، فنی و انسانی، اقتصادی و مالی، و قوانین و مقررات و سی و دو زیرشاخص مهم شناسایی شدند. تا کنون روش‌های مختلفی برای تعیین شاخص‌های مؤثر اعلام شده است که یکی از آن‏ها روش تحلیل سلسله‌مراتبی است. پرسش‏نامه‌هایی، بر اساس این روش، تهیه شد و افراد متخصص و صاحب‏نظر آن را تکمیل کردند. نتایج پرسش‏نامه‌ها به کمک نرم‌افزار Expert Choice تحلیل شد. مهم‏ترین زیرشاخص‏ها به ‏ترتیب شامل اطمینان از عرضة پایدار مواد اولیه (201/0)، ضایعات کارخانه‌های چوب‏بری، تخته‏لایه و روکش (133/0)، هزینة خرید مواد اولیه (115/0)، فاصله از مواد اولیه (058/0)، وضعیت رقبا در منطقه (051/0)، و هزینة حمل مواد اولیه (043/0) تعیین شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Determination of effective indexes in the optimal selection of the seating of manufacturing units in a block board in the country using analytical hierarchy process (AHP)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Vahid Moazami 1
  • Morteza Nazerian 2
  • Rahim Mohebbi Gargari 3
1 M.Sc. Student, Department of Wood and Paper Science and Technology, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Zabol, Zabol, I.R. Iran
2 Associated Professor, Department of Wood and Paper Science and Technology, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Zabol, Zabol, I.R. Iran
3 Lecturer, Department of Wood and Paper Science and Technology, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Zabol, Zabol, I.R. Iran
چکیده [English]

The determination of effective indicators in order to decide on the location of industrial units with the aim of optimizing the use of raw material, reduce costs and waste and marketing of products is very important. Determining the effective indicators in optimal choice for seating block board unites (with use the back of scrap plywood, twigs little low diameter wood’s) in country was target of this study. There for, after the initial studies and field surveys and interview with pundits and experts related 5 major groups (materials and products, infrastructure and environmental needs, technical construction, management policies, social and cultural infrastructure and rules and provisions) and 32 sub indicators were identified. Ever different methods for determining the effective indexes has been listed that one of these methods is the hierarchical analysis. In this method question nares was prepared and completed by qualified personal and experts. The results of these questionnaires were analyzed by Expert Choice software and the most important indicators respectively including ensure a sustainable supply of raw materials (0/201), waste of timber cutting mills, plywood and veneer (0/133) the purchase cost of raw materials (0/115), the distance of the raw material (0/058), Status of competitors in the region (0/051) and the cost of raw material shipping (0/043), were determined.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Blockboard
  • Location selection
  • indicator & sub indicator
  • Analytical Hierarchy Process method
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