تعیین و اولویت‌بندی شاخص‌های مؤثر در احداث واحدهای چوب‌گچ در ایران به‌روش مقایسه‌های زوجی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مربی، گروه علوم و صنایع چوب و کاغذ، دانشکدۀ منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه زابل، زابل، ایران

2 دانش‌آموختۀ کارشناسی ارشد، گروه صنایع چوب و کاغذ و مسئول تحقیق و توسعه و مدیر داخلی آرین سینا، ساری، ایران

چکیده

با توجه به هزینه‌های زیاد ساخت اصولی ساختمان‌ها و استفاده از مصالح ساختمانی مهندسی‌شده و ایمن، مدتی است که سازه‌هایی همچون چوب‌گچ به‌‌دلیل برخورداری از ویژگی‌های شاخصی مانند هزینه‌های تولیدی کم و مقاومت زیاد در برابر زلزله و اشتعال، توجه متخصصان صنعت چوب و ساختمان را به ‌خود جلب کرده است. همچنین تعیین شاخص‌های مؤثر به‌منظور تصمیم‌گیری برای احداث واحدهای صنعتی به‌صورت اصولی و با هدف استفادۀ بهینه از مواد اولیه، فرایند تولید، معرفی راهکارهایی برای کاهش هزینه‌ها و ضایعات بسیار حائز اهمیت است. برای دستیابی به این هدف، روش آنالیز مقایسه‌های زوجی انتخاب و پس از مطالعات اولیه، بررسی‌های میدانی و مصاحبه با صاحب‌نظران و کارشناسان مرتبط 5 شاخص اصلی و 32 زیرشاخص مهم شناسایی شد. سپس پرسشنامه‌های مقایسه‌های زوجی تهیه و توسط افراد متخصص و صاحب‌نظر دانشگاهی و شماری از مدیران و کارشناسان صنعت چوب و ساختمان تکمیل شد. نتایج نشان می‌دهد که در میان شاخص‌های سطح اول، شاخص مواد و محصول و اقتصادی و مالی به‌ترتیب بیشترین اهمیت را دارند. همچنین زیرشاخص‌های اطمینان از عرضۀ پایدار منابع گچی، هزینۀ خرید مواد اولیه، پیشینۀ صنعت کامپوزیت‌های معدنی، پیشینۀ صنعت ساختمان‌سازی، فاصله از منابع گچ، مقدار منابع گچی و در نهایت میزان فروش به‌ترتیب بیشترین اولویت و ارجحیت را به خود اختصاص دادند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Determination and prioritization of effective criteria for establishment of gypsum boards units in Iran using paired comparisons method

نویسندگان [English]

  • Rahim Mohebbi Gargari 1
  • Vahid Moazami 2
1 Lecturer, Department of Wood and Paper Science and Technology, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Zabol, Zabol, I.R. Iran
2 M.Sc. Graduated, Department of Wood and Paper Science & Technology, and Responsible for Research and Development and Training Arian Sina CO., Sari, I.R. Iran
چکیده [English]

Considering the high cost of the methodical construction of buildings and the use of engineered and safe materials; the structure such as gypsum board has been interested of experts in wood and construction industry. The reason is important features such as low production costs and high earthquake resistance. Moreover, it’s important to determine effective criteria for decision-making for the establishment of industrial units aimed of optimal use of raw materials, the production process and approaches to reduce costs and waste. To achieve this, paired comparative analysis method was selected and after initial studies, field surveys and interviews with experts, 5 main criteria and 32 important sub-criteria were identified. After that, the paired comparisons questionnaires were prepared and filled out by academics and a number of managers and experts in wood and construction industry. The results revealed that among the first level criteria, material and product, economic and financial criteria have the highest priorities, respectively. Besides, sub-criteria of ensuring the sustainable supply of gypsum resources, raw materials costs, background of the mineral composites, background of the construction industry, distance from the gypsum resources, content of the gypsum resources finally the amount of sale had the highest priorities, respectively.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Gypsum board
  • Paired comparisons method
  • Wood and building industry
  • Mineral composites
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