مقایسۀ عملکرد شبکه‌‌های عصبیِ مصنوعی با تحلیل رگرسیون در برآورد حجم تنۀ درختان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد مهندسی جنگل، دانشکدۀ منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

2 استادیار گروه جنگلداری دانشکدۀ منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس (نویسندۀ مسئول)

چکیده

آنالیز رگرسیون روش رایجی است که امروزه برای برآورد حجم تنۀ درختان استفاده می‌‌‌شود. این روش با تعیین رابطه‌‌ای، حجم را با دقت خاصی برآورد می‌‌کند، اما محدودیت‌‌هایی مانند نرمال‌بودن متغیر وابسته و همگن‌بودن واریانس خطاها نیز دارد. در ‌‌این پژوهش سعی شده از شبکه‌‌های عصبی مصنوعی (ANN)، به‌عنوان یکی از زیر‌مجموعه‌‌های فنّاوری جدید هوش مصنوعی (AI)، به‌‌منظور برآورد حجم تنه، استفاده شود. بدین‌منظور، تعداد 101 درخت از درختان نشانه‌‌گذاری‌شدۀ جنگل آموزشی‌ـ‌پژوهشی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس انتخاب، و قطر برابر سینه، قطر در ارتفاع کنده، قطر انتهای تنه، ارتفاع تنه، و ارتفاع کل درخت، با دقت بسیار اندازه‌گیری شدند. از دو مدل شبکۀ عصبی، پرسپترون چند‌لایه (MLP) و تابع پایۀ شعاعی (RBF)، به‌‌منظور پیش‌‌بینی حجم تنه استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد با افزایش متغیرهایی که همبستگی بیشتری با حجم تنه دارند، ضریب تشخیص شبکۀ عصبی از 80/0 به 95/0 افزایش می‌‌‌یابد. شبکۀ عصبی تابع پایۀ شعاعی در مقایسه با شبکۀ عصبی پرسپترون چند‌لایه دقت بیشتری در برآورد حجم تنه دارد. مقایسۀ معیارهای ارزیابی شبکۀ عصبی مصنوعی با رگرسیون گام‌به‌گام نشان داد که شبکۀ عصبی MLP و RBF به‌ترتیب دارای مقدار RMSE 18/1 و 05/1 است، درحالی‌که مقدار RMSE مدل رگرسیون 57/2 می‌‌‌باشد. ضریب تشخیص رگرسیون در مقایسه با هر دو مدل شبکۀ عصبی نیز مقدار کمتری است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Performance Comparison Artificial Neural Networks with Regression Analysis in Trees Trunk Volume Estimation

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hadi Bayati 1
  • Akbar Najafi 2
1 M.Sc Student, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tarbiat Modares, I. R. Iran
2 Corresponding author, Assistant Prof, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tarbiat Modares, I. R. Iran
چکیده [English]

Nowadays, regression analysis is a common method to estimate trees stem volume. Althought
trees trunk volume can be estimated with a certain accuracy, however there are many constraints
such as normality of variables and homogeneity of errors variance, when foresters use this
method. In this study, Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) as a subset of the technology of
Artificial Intelligence (AI), was used as a new method to estimate the volume trunk. For this
purpose, 101 trees were selected. Marked trees were located in Research and Educational
Forest of Tarbiat Modarres University (REFTMU). DBH, diameter at stump height, end
diameter trunk, trunk height and total tree height were mesuared with high accuracy during tree
marking. Two neural network models, multi-layer perceptron (MLP) and radial basis function
(RBF), were developed to estimate trunk volume. The results showed that with increasing the
number of variables, that have more correlation with trunk volume,correlation coefficient of
neural networks increased from 0.80 to .95. Also the RBF neural network was more accuracte
in trunk volume estimation than to MLP neural network. Comparing evaluation criteria for
ANN with stepwise regression showed that MLP and RBF neural networks had RMSE value
1.18 and 1.05, respectively while the RMSE value of regression was 2.57. Also the regression
correlation coefficient is less in compared with two models neural network.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Forest harvesting
  • Forest management
  • Multi-Layer Perceptron
  • Radial Basis Function
  • Regression
  • trees trunk volume
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